Step 0: Bootstrapping

View the Code

Let’s start by creating a new Rails project. For help with an existing project, check out Installation: From Scratch.

We’ll use the -m option to install from a template, which will add a few gems and apply some setup boilerplate. Accept all the default options.

$ rails new employee_directory --api -m
$ cd employee_directory

Note: if a network issue prevents you from pointing to this URL directly, you can download the file and and run this command as -m /path/to/template

Feel free to run git diff to see what the generator did, otherwise commit the result. You can now head to Step 1: Basic Resource, or continue reading to better understand the code.

Digging Deeper 🧐

You’ll see some boilerplate in config/routes.rb:

scope path: ApplicationResource.endpoint_namespace, defaults: { format: :jsonapi } do
  # your routes go here

This tells Rails that our API routes will be be prefixed - /api/v1 by default. It also says that if no extension is in the URL (.json, .xml, etc), default to the JSONAPI Specification.

Let’s look at the above ApplicationResource:

class ApplicationResource < Graphiti::Resource
  self.abstract_class = true

  # We'll be using ActiveRecord
  self.adapter = Graphiti::Adapters::ActiveRecord

  # Links are generated from base_url + endpoint_namespace
  self.base_url = Rails.application.routes
  self.endpoint_namespace = '/api/v1'

This should be pretty self-explanatory except for

self.base_url = Rails.application.routes

This is configured in config/application.rb:

module EmployeeDirectory
  class Application < Rails::Application
    routes.default_url_options[:host] = ENV.fetch('HOST', 'http://localhost:3000')
    # ... code ...

When deriving and validating Links, we’ll use the HOST variable if present, falling back to the Rails development default of http://localhost:3000. This means our Links will look like:


For example:

Read more in the Links Guide.

Finally, there’s some boilerplate in ApplicationController:

class ApplicationController < ActionController::API
  # Support JSON, XML, JSON:API
  include Graphiti::Rails::Responders

This gets respond_with working, via the Responders gem. To render simple nested JSON like default Rails, we’ll only need to add .json to the URL.

That’s it for basic setup!